Road transport is one of the most important methods of transporting and moving goods and passengers, and its features and advantages are:
When a consignment is transported by road between two countries (usually neighboring), it is necessary that the road vehicle and the consignment loaded on it in 4 customs, which are the customs of origin, border customs of the sending country (seller), respectively. The border customs of the recipient country (buyer) and finally the destination customs of the recipient should be examined and inspected. However, if the origin and destination of the consignment are not located in the two neighboring countries - which in most cases is the case - the border customs offices of entry and exit customs of all countries in turn in turn in the chain of customs assessments and inspections - from cargo and vehicle to Therefore, in order to facilitate the exchange of goods between different countries, which is done by road transportation, a customs convention was established to regulate the transportation of goods under the auspices of the Carnet.
The provisions of this Convention include the carriage of goods in vehicles, a combination of vehicles or containers, without reloading in the course of crossing one or more frontiers between the customs house of origin of a Contracting Party and the customs house of destination of the other Contracting Party or the same Contracting Party. It is transported, provided that part of the route between the beginning and the end of the shooting operation is done by road. The mentioned operation is under a contract to the letter of Karneh Tir
Goods that are transported under the cover of a carnet and are transported by vehicles or a combination of vehicles and sealed containers are generally not subject to customs inspection at intermediate houses.
The CMR Convention concludes a contract for the carriage of goods by road by means of vehicles for rent, and the place of receipt of the goods is the place designated for delivery by contract in two different countries, at least one of the two countries, regardless of residence. And includes the nationality of the parties to the contract to be a member of the Convention. For this purpose, a comprehensive document called CMR is issued internationally in a standard form. This convention governs the relationship between carrier, sender and receiver.