Rail transport is for transporting cargo through rail networks and stations. The use of rail transport is an effective method of transport in terms of price, time and volume of goods.
Special freight cars are used to move goods, each of which has a unique function.
Advantages of rail transportation:
The most important pillar of rail transportation is the safe transportation route (least impact of weather conditions, least accidents and breakdowns) and its high speed in long transportation routes.
It is the most economical type for transporting goods.
Due to the closure of the wagon, the cargo is safe from adverse weather conditions.
This method of transportation is usually used to transport high volume and cheap cargo.
Due to the high capacity of wagons, a larger volume of goods can be moved.
Low stops along the shipping route.
Disadvantages of rail transportation:
One of the major disadvantages of rail transportation is that it is not usually available in all other regions and countries.
Due to the lack of sufficient infrastructure, the waiting period for loading goods is longer than other types of transportation.
Iran's national railway, which started from the north to the south, ie from the Turkmen port on the Caspian Sea, and ended at the port of Imam Khomeini in the Persian Gulf.
The railway of the Islamic Republic of Iran is connected from the ports of Imam and Abbas through Jolfa to the railway of Armenia and Russia, through the Razi border to the railway of Turkey and Europe and through Sarakhs to the railway of Turkmenistan and the CIS countries.
Thus, the railway of the Islamic Republic with the possibility of loading from the southern ports and carrying transit cargo from the territory of the Islamic Republic as a major component of the combined transport complex plays a role.